To test the Nginx installation open http://YOUR_IP in your browser, and you will get the Nginx default landing page like below:
You can manage your Nginx web service same like other systemd services by using the below commands:
To stop the Nginx service:
Nginx is a web server that can also be used as a reverse proxy, load balancer, mail proxy, and HTTP cache. The software was created by Igor Sysoev and first publicly released in 2004. It pronounced "engine x" is a free, open-source, high-performance HTTP and reverse proxy server. Compare to Apache, Nginx handle a large number of concurrent connections. It is more resource-friendly than Apache.
Before installing Nginx, you should have access to an Ubuntu 18.04 server and created a non-root user account with sudo privileges, and you don’t have Apache or any other process running on port 80 or 443.
By default, Nginx is available in Ubuntu’s default repositories, so to install it run the following commands:
Once the installation is completed, the Nginx service will start automatically. Nginx configuration files are located in the
/etc/nginx directory. You can verify it by running:
sudo systemctl status nginx
The output will look something like this:
● nginx.service - A high performance web server and a reverse proxy server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) Active: active (running) since Sun 2018-04-29 06:43:26 UTC; 8s ago Docs: man:nginx(8) Process: 3091 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/nginx -g daemon on; master_process on; (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) Process: 3080 ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/nginx -t -q -g daemon on; master_process on; (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) Main PID: 3095 (nginx) Tasks: 2 (limit: 507) CGroup: /system.slice/nginx.service ├─3095 nginx: master process /usr/sbin/nginx -g daemon on; master_process on; └─3097 nginx: worker process
Before going to use Nginx need to update the firewall settings and open HTTP (80) and HTTPS (443) ports. By using the below command to open those ports
sudo ufw allow 'Nginx Full'
To verify Nginx status by using the below command:
sudo ufw status
The output will get something like the following:
Status: active To Action From -- ------ ---- 22/tcp ALLOW Anywhere Nginx Full ALLOW Anywhere 22/tcp (v6) ALLOW Anywhere (v6) Nginx Full (v6) ALLOW Anywhere (v6)
sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx
sudo systemctl stop nginx
To start the Nginx service:
sudo systemctl start nginx
To restart the Nginx service:
sudo systemctl restart nginx
To reload the Nginx service after made some changes in the configuration:
sudo systemctl reload nginx
By default, the Nginx service will start automatically when boot. If you want to disable this using below command:
sudo systemctl disable nginx
Re-enable automatically start Nginx service:
sudo systemctl enable nginx
Congratulations, you have successfully installed Nginx on Ubuntu 18.04 server. You can use the server blocks to host multiple domains on your server.